All files / lib/internal/crypto keys.js

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92.72% Branches 191/206
100% Functions 41/41
95.59% Lines 715/748

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'use strict';
 
const {
  ArrayFrom,
  ArrayPrototypeSlice,
  ObjectDefineProperty,
  ObjectSetPrototypeOf,
  Symbol,
  Uint8Array,
} = primordials;
 
const {
  KeyObjectHandle,
  createNativeKeyObjectClass,
  kKeyTypeSecret,
  kKeyTypePublic,
  kKeyTypePrivate,
  kKeyFormatPEM,
  kKeyFormatDER,
  kKeyFormatJWK,
  kKeyEncodingPKCS1,
  kKeyEncodingPKCS8,
  kKeyEncodingSPKI,
  kKeyEncodingSEC1,
} = internalBinding('crypto');
 
const {
  validateObject,
  validateOneOf,
  validateString,
} = require('internal/validators');
 
const {
  codes: {
    ERR_CRYPTO_INCOMPATIBLE_KEY_OPTIONS,
    ERR_CRYPTO_INVALID_KEY_OBJECT_TYPE,
    ERR_CRYPTO_INVALID_JWK,
    ERR_ILLEGAL_CONSTRUCTOR,
    ERR_INVALID_ARG_TYPE,
    ERR_INVALID_ARG_VALUE,
    ERR_OUT_OF_RANGE,
  }
} = require('internal/errors');
 
const {
  kHandle,
  kKeyObject,
  getArrayBufferOrView,
  bigIntArrayToUnsignedBigInt,
} = require('internal/crypto/util');
 
const {
  isAnyArrayBuffer,
  isArrayBufferView,
} = require('internal/util/types');
 
const {
  JSTransferable,
  kClone,
  kDeserialize,
} = require('internal/worker/js_transferable');
 
const {
  customInspectSymbol: kInspect,
} = require('internal/util');
 
const { inspect } = require('internal/util/inspect');
 
const { Buffer } = require('buffer');
 
const kAlgorithm = Symbol('kAlgorithm');
const kExtractable = Symbol('kExtractable');
const kKeyType = Symbol('kKeyType');
const kKeyUsages = Symbol('kKeyUsages');
 
// Key input contexts.
const kConsumePublic = 0;
const kConsumePrivate = 1;
const kCreatePublic = 2;
const kCreatePrivate = 3;
 
const encodingNames = [];
for (const m of [[kKeyEncodingPKCS1, 'pkcs1'], [kKeyEncodingPKCS8, 'pkcs8'],
                 [kKeyEncodingSPKI, 'spki'], [kKeyEncodingSEC1, 'sec1']])
  encodingNames[m[0]] = m[1];
 
// Creating the KeyObject class is a little complicated due to inheritance
// and that fact that KeyObjects should be transferrable between threads,
// which requires the KeyObject base class to be implemented in C++.
// The creation requires a callback to make sure that the NativeKeyObject
// base class cannot exist without the other KeyObject implementations.
const {
  0: KeyObject,
  1: SecretKeyObject,
  2: PublicKeyObject,
  3: PrivateKeyObject,
} = createNativeKeyObjectClass((NativeKeyObject) => {
  // Publicly visible KeyObject class.
  class KeyObject extends NativeKeyObject {
    constructor(type, handle) {
      if (type !== 'secret' && type !== 'public' && type !== 'private')
        throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_VALUE('type', type);
      if (typeof handle !== 'object' || !(handle instanceof KeyObjectHandle))
        throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_TYPE('handle', 'object', handle);
 
      super(handle);
 
      this[kKeyType] = type;
 
      ObjectDefineProperty(this, kHandle, {
        value: handle,
        enumerable: false,
        configurable: false,
        writable: false
      });
    }
 
    get type() {
      return this[kKeyType];
    }
 
    static from(key) {
      if (!isCryptoKey(key))
        throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_TYPE('key', 'CryptoKey', key);
      return key[kKeyObject];
    }
  }
 
  class SecretKeyObject extends KeyObject {
    constructor(handle) {
      super('secret', handle);
    }
 
    get symmetricKeySize() {
      return this[kHandle].getSymmetricKeySize();
    }
 
    export(options) {
      if (options !== undefined) {
        validateObject(options, 'options');
        validateOneOf(
          options.format, 'options.format', [undefined, 'buffer', 'jwk']);
        if (options.format === 'jwk') {
          return this[kHandle].exportJwk({});
        }
      }
      return this[kHandle].export();
    }
  }
 
  const kAsymmetricKeyType = Symbol('kAsymmetricKeyType');
  const kAsymmetricKeyDetails = Symbol('kAsymmetricKeyDetails');
 
  function normalizeKeyDetails(details = {}) {
    if (details.publicExponent !== undefined) {
      return {
        ...details,
        publicExponent:
          bigIntArrayToUnsignedBigInt(new Uint8Array(details.publicExponent))
      };
    }
    return details;
  }
 
  class AsymmetricKeyObject extends KeyObject {
    // eslint-disable-next-line no-useless-constructor
    constructor(type, handle) {
      super(type, handle);
    }
 
    get asymmetricKeyType() {
      return this[kAsymmetricKeyType] ||
             (this[kAsymmetricKeyType] = this[kHandle].getAsymmetricKeyType());
    }
 
    get asymmetricKeyDetails() {
      switch (this.asymmetricKeyType) {
        case 'rsa':
        case 'rsa-pss':
        case 'dsa':
        case 'ec':
          return this[kAsymmetricKeyDetails] ||
             (this[kAsymmetricKeyDetails] = normalizeKeyDetails(
               this[kHandle].keyDetail({})
             ));
        default:
          return {};
      }
    }
  }
 
  class PublicKeyObject extends AsymmetricKeyObject {
    constructor(handle) {
      super('public', handle);
    }
 
    export(options) {
      if (options && options.format === 'jwk') {
        return this[kHandle].exportJwk({});
      }
      const {
        format,
        type
      } = parsePublicKeyEncoding(options, this.asymmetricKeyType);
      return this[kHandle].export(format, type);
    }
  }
 
  class PrivateKeyObject extends AsymmetricKeyObject {
    constructor(handle) {
      super('private', handle);
    }
 
    export(options) {
      if (options && options.format === 'jwk') {
        if (options.passphrase !== undefined) {
          throw new ERR_CRYPTO_INCOMPATIBLE_KEY_OPTIONS(
            'jwk', 'does not support encryption');
        }
        return this[kHandle].exportJwk({});
      }
      const {
        format,
        type,
        cipher,
        passphrase
      } = parsePrivateKeyEncoding(options, this.asymmetricKeyType);
      return this[kHandle].export(format, type, cipher, passphrase);
    }
  }
 
  return [KeyObject, SecretKeyObject, PublicKeyObject, PrivateKeyObject];
});
 
function parseKeyFormat(formatStr, defaultFormat, optionName) {
  if (formatStr === undefined && defaultFormat !== undefined)
    return defaultFormat;
  else if (formatStr === 'pem')
    return kKeyFormatPEM;
  else if (formatStr === 'der')
    return kKeyFormatDER;
  else if (formatStr === 'jwk')
    return kKeyFormatJWK;
  throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_VALUE(optionName, formatStr);
}
 
function parseKeyType(typeStr, required, keyType, isPublic, optionName) {
  if (typeStr === undefined && !required) {
    return undefined;
  } else if (typeStr === 'pkcs1') {
    if (keyType !== undefined && keyType !== 'rsa') {
      throw new ERR_CRYPTO_INCOMPATIBLE_KEY_OPTIONS(
        typeStr, 'can only be used for RSA keys');
    }
    return kKeyEncodingPKCS1;
  } else if (typeStr === 'spki' && isPublic !== false) {
    return kKeyEncodingSPKI;
  } else if (typeStr === 'pkcs8' && isPublic !== true) {
    return kKeyEncodingPKCS8;
  } else if (typeStr === 'sec1' && isPublic !== true) {
    if (keyType !== undefined && keyType !== 'ec') {
      throw new ERR_CRYPTO_INCOMPATIBLE_KEY_OPTIONS(
        typeStr, 'can only be used for EC keys');
    }
    return kKeyEncodingSEC1;
  }
 
  throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_VALUE(optionName, typeStr);
}
 
function option(name, objName) {
  return objName === undefined ?
    `options.${name}` : `options.${objName}.${name}`;
}
 
function parseKeyFormatAndType(enc, keyType, isPublic, objName) {
  const { format: formatStr, type: typeStr } = enc;
 
  const isInput = keyType === undefined;
  const format = parseKeyFormat(formatStr,
                                isInput ? kKeyFormatPEM : undefined,
                                option('format', objName));
 
  const isRequired = (!isInput ||
                      format === kKeyFormatDER) &&
                      format !== kKeyFormatJWK;
  const type = parseKeyType(typeStr,
                            isRequired,
                            keyType,
                            isPublic,
                            option('type', objName));
  return { format, type };
}
 
function isStringOrBuffer(val) {
  return typeof val === 'string' ||
         isArrayBufferView(val) ||
         isAnyArrayBuffer(val);
}
 
function parseKeyEncoding(enc, keyType, isPublic, objName) {
  if (enc === null || typeof enc !== 'object')
    throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_TYPE('options', 'object', enc);
 
  const isInput = keyType === undefined;
 
  const {
    format,
    type
  } = parseKeyFormatAndType(enc, keyType, isPublic, objName);
 
  let cipher, passphrase, encoding;
  if (isPublic !== true) {
    ({ cipher, passphrase, encoding } = enc);
 
    if (!isInput) {
      if (cipher != null) {
        if (typeof cipher !== 'string')
          throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_VALUE(option('cipher', objName), cipher);
        if (format === kKeyFormatDER &&
            (type === kKeyEncodingPKCS1 ||
             type === kKeyEncodingSEC1)) {
          throw new ERR_CRYPTO_INCOMPATIBLE_KEY_OPTIONS(
            encodingNames[type], 'does not support encryption');
        }
      } else if (passphrase !== undefined) {
        throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_VALUE(option('cipher', objName), cipher);
      }
    }
 
    if ((isInput && passphrase !== undefined &&
         !isStringOrBuffer(passphrase)) ||
        (!isInput && cipher != null && !isStringOrBuffer(passphrase))) {
      throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_VALUE(option('passphrase', objName),
                                      passphrase);
    }
  }
 
  if (passphrase !== undefined)
    passphrase = getArrayBufferOrView(passphrase, 'key.passphrase', encoding);
 
  return { format, type, cipher, passphrase };
}
 
// Parses the public key encoding based on an object. keyType must be undefined
// when this is used to parse an input encoding and must be a valid key type if
// used to parse an output encoding.
function parsePublicKeyEncoding(enc, keyType, objName) {
  return parseKeyEncoding(enc, keyType, keyType ? true : undefined, objName);
}
 
// Parses the private key encoding based on an object. keyType must be undefined
// when this is used to parse an input encoding and must be a valid key type if
// used to parse an output encoding.
function parsePrivateKeyEncoding(enc, keyType, objName) {
  return parseKeyEncoding(enc, keyType, false, objName);
}
 
function getKeyObjectHandle(key, ctx) {
  if (ctx === kCreatePrivate) {
    throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_TYPE(
      'key',
      ['string', 'ArrayBuffer', 'Buffer', 'TypedArray', 'DataView'],
      key
    );
  }
 
  if (key.type !== 'private') {
    if (ctx === kConsumePrivate || ctx === kCreatePublic)
      throw new ERR_CRYPTO_INVALID_KEY_OBJECT_TYPE(key.type, 'private');
    if (key.type !== 'public') {
      throw new ERR_CRYPTO_INVALID_KEY_OBJECT_TYPE(key.type,
                                                   'private or public');
    }
  }
 
  return key[kHandle];
}
 
function getKeyTypes(allowKeyObject, bufferOnly = false) {
  const types = [
    'ArrayBuffer',
    'Buffer',
    'TypedArray',
    'DataView',
    'string', // Only if bufferOnly == false
    'KeyObject', // Only if allowKeyObject == true && bufferOnly == false
    'CryptoKey', // Only if allowKeyObject == true && bufferOnly == false
  ];
  if (bufferOnly) {
    return ArrayPrototypeSlice(types, 0, 4);
  } else if (!allowKeyObject) {
    return ArrayPrototypeSlice(types, 0, 5);
  }
  return types;
}
 
function getKeyObjectHandleFromJwk(key, ctx) {
  validateObject(key, 'key');
  validateOneOf(
    key.kty, 'key.kty', ['RSA', 'EC', 'OKP']);
  const isPublic = ctx === kConsumePublic || ctx === kCreatePublic;
 
  if (key.kty === 'OKP') {
    validateString(key.crv, 'key.crv');
    validateOneOf(
      key.crv, 'key.crv', ['Ed25519', 'Ed448', 'X25519', 'X448']);
    validateString(key.x, 'key.x');
 
    if (!isPublic)
      validateString(key.d, 'key.d');
 
    let keyData;
    if (isPublic)
      keyData = Buffer.from(key.x, 'base64');
    else
      keyData = Buffer.from(key.d, 'base64');
 
    switch (key.crv) {
      case 'Ed25519':
      case 'X25519':
        if (keyData.byteLength !== 32) {
          throw new ERR_CRYPTO_INVALID_JWK();
        }
        break;
      case 'Ed448':
        if (keyData.byteLength !== 57) {
          throw new ERR_CRYPTO_INVALID_JWK();
        }
        break;
      case 'X448':
        if (keyData.byteLength !== 56) {
          throw new ERR_CRYPTO_INVALID_JWK();
        }
        break;
    }
 
    const handle = new KeyObjectHandle();
    if (isPublic) {
      handle.initEDRaw(
        `NODE-${key.crv.toUpperCase()}`,
        keyData,
        kKeyTypePublic);
    } else {
      handle.initEDRaw(
        `NODE-${key.crv.toUpperCase()}`,
        keyData,
        kKeyTypePrivate);
    }
 
    return handle;
  }
 
  if (key.kty === 'EC') {
    validateString(key.crv, 'key.crv');
    validateOneOf(
      key.crv, 'key.crv', ['P-256', 'secp256k1', 'P-384', 'P-521']);
    validateString(key.x, 'key.x');
    validateString(key.y, 'key.y');
 
    const jwk = {
      kty: key.kty,
      crv: key.crv,
      x: key.x,
      y: key.y
    };
 
    if (!isPublic) {
      validateString(key.d, 'key.d');
      jwk.d = key.d;
    }
 
    const handle = new KeyObjectHandle();
    const type = handle.initJwk(jwk, jwk.crv);
    if (type === undefined)
      throw new ERR_CRYPTO_INVALID_JWK();
 
    return handle;
  }
 
  // RSA
  validateString(key.n, 'key.n');
  validateString(key.e, 'key.e');
 
  const jwk = {
    kty: key.kty,
    n: key.n,
    e: key.e
  };
 
  if (!isPublic) {
    validateString(key.d, 'key.d');
    validateString(key.p, 'key.p');
    validateString(key.q, 'key.q');
    validateString(key.dp, 'key.dp');
    validateString(key.dq, 'key.dq');
    validateString(key.qi, 'key.qi');
    jwk.d = key.d;
    jwk.p = key.p;
    jwk.q = key.q;
    jwk.dp = key.dp;
    jwk.dq = key.dq;
    jwk.qi = key.qi;
  }
 
  const handle = new KeyObjectHandle();
  const type = handle.initJwk(jwk);
  if (type === undefined)
    throw new ERR_CRYPTO_INVALID_JWK();
 
  return handle;
}
 
function prepareAsymmetricKey(key, ctx) {
  if (isKeyObject(key)) {
    // Best case: A key object, as simple as that.
    return { data: getKeyObjectHandle(key, ctx) };
  } else if (isCryptoKey(key)) {
    return { data: getKeyObjectHandle(key[kKeyObject], ctx) };
  } else if (isStringOrBuffer(key)) {
    // Expect PEM by default, mostly for backward compatibility.
    return { format: kKeyFormatPEM, data: getArrayBufferOrView(key, 'key') };
  } else if (typeof key === 'object') {
    const { key: data, encoding, format } = key;
    // The 'key' property can be a KeyObject as well to allow specifying
    // additional options such as padding along with the key.
    if (isKeyObject(data))
      return { data: getKeyObjectHandle(data, ctx) };
    else if (isCryptoKey(data))
      return { data: getKeyObjectHandle(data[kKeyObject], ctx) };
    else if (isJwk(data) && format === 'jwk')
      return { data: getKeyObjectHandleFromJwk(data, ctx), format: 'jwk' };
    // Either PEM or DER using PKCS#1 or SPKI.
    if (!isStringOrBuffer(data)) {
      throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_TYPE(
        'key.key',
        getKeyTypes(ctx !== kCreatePrivate),
        data);
    }
 
    const isPublic =
      (ctx === kConsumePrivate || ctx === kCreatePrivate) ? false : undefined;
    return {
      data: getArrayBufferOrView(data, 'key', encoding),
      ...parseKeyEncoding(key, undefined, isPublic)
    };
  }
  throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_TYPE(
    'key',
    getKeyTypes(ctx !== kCreatePrivate),
    key);
}
 
function preparePrivateKey(key) {
  return prepareAsymmetricKey(key, kConsumePrivate);
}
 
function preparePublicOrPrivateKey(key) {
  return prepareAsymmetricKey(key, kConsumePublic);
}
 
function prepareSecretKey(key, encoding, bufferOnly = false) {
  if (!bufferOnly) {
    if (isKeyObject(key)) {
      if (key.type !== 'secret')
        throw new ERR_CRYPTO_INVALID_KEY_OBJECT_TYPE(key.type, 'secret');
      return key[kHandle];
    } else if (isCryptoKey(key)) {
      if (key.type !== 'secret')
        throw new ERR_CRYPTO_INVALID_KEY_OBJECT_TYPE(key.type, 'secret');
      return key[kKeyObject][kHandle];
    }
  }
  if (typeof key !== 'string' &&
      !isArrayBufferView(key) &&
      !isAnyArrayBuffer(key)) {
    throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_TYPE(
      'key',
      getKeyTypes(!bufferOnly, bufferOnly),
      key);
  }
  return getArrayBufferOrView(key, 'key', encoding);
}
 
function createSecretKey(key, encoding) {
  key = prepareSecretKey(key, encoding, true);
  if (key.byteLength === 0)
    throw new ERR_OUT_OF_RANGE('key.byteLength', '> 0', key.byteLength);
  const handle = new KeyObjectHandle();
  handle.init(kKeyTypeSecret, key);
  return new SecretKeyObject(handle);
}
 
function createPublicKey(key) {
  const { format, type, data, passphrase } =
    prepareAsymmetricKey(key, kCreatePublic);
  let handle;
  if (format === 'jwk') {
    handle = data;
  } else {
    handle = new KeyObjectHandle();
    handle.init(kKeyTypePublic, data, format, type, passphrase);
  }
  return new PublicKeyObject(handle);
}
 
function createPrivateKey(key) {
  const { format, type, data, passphrase } =
    prepareAsymmetricKey(key, kCreatePrivate);
  let handle;
  if (format === 'jwk') {
    handle = data;
  } else {
    handle = new KeyObjectHandle();
    handle.init(kKeyTypePrivate, data, format, type, passphrase);
  }
  return new PrivateKeyObject(handle);
}
 
function isKeyObject(obj) {
  return obj != null && obj[kKeyType] !== undefined;
}
 
// Our implementation of CryptoKey is a simple wrapper around a KeyObject
// that adapts it to the standard interface. This implementation also
// extends the JSTransferable class, allowing the CryptoKey to be cloned
// to Workers.
// TODO(@jasnell): Embedder environments like electron may have issues
// here similar to other things like URL. A chromium provided CryptoKey
// will not be recognized as a Node.js CryptoKey, and vice versa. It
// would be fantastic if we could find a way of making those interop.
class CryptoKey extends JSTransferable {
  constructor() {
    throw new ERR_ILLEGAL_CONSTRUCTOR();
  }
 
  [kInspect](depth, options) {
    if (depth < 0)
      return this;

    const opts = {
      ...options,
      depth: options.depth == null ? null : options.depth - 1
    };

    return `CryptoKey ${inspect({
      type: this.type,
      extractable: this.extractable,
      algorithm: this.algorithm,
      usages: this.usages
    }, opts)}`;
  }
 
  get type() {
    return this[kKeyObject].type;
  }
 
  get extractable() {
    return this[kExtractable];
  }
 
  get algorithm() {
    return this[kAlgorithm];
  }
 
  get usages() {
    return ArrayFrom(this[kKeyUsages]);
  }
 
  [kClone]() {
    const keyObject = this[kKeyObject];
    const algorithm = this.algorithm;
    const extractable = this.extractable;
    const usages = this.usages;
 
    return {
      data: {
        keyObject,
        algorithm,
        usages,
        extractable,
      },
      deserializeInfo: 'internal/crypto/keys:InternalCryptoKey'
    };
  }
 
  [kDeserialize]({ keyObject, algorithm, usages, extractable }) {
    this[kKeyObject] = keyObject;
    this[kAlgorithm] = algorithm;
    this[kKeyUsages] = usages;
    this[kExtractable] = extractable;
  }
}
 
// All internal code must use new InternalCryptoKey to create
// CryptoKey instances. The CryptoKey class is exposed to end
// user code but is not permitted to be constructed directly.
class InternalCryptoKey extends JSTransferable {
  constructor(
    keyObject,
    algorithm,
    keyUsages,
    extractable) {
    super();
    // Using symbol properties here currently instead of private
    // properties because (for now) the performance penalty of
    // private fields is still too high.
    this[kKeyObject] = keyObject;
    this[kAlgorithm] = algorithm;
    this[kExtractable] = extractable;
    this[kKeyUsages] = keyUsages;
  }
}
 
InternalCryptoKey.prototype.constructor = CryptoKey;
ObjectSetPrototypeOf(InternalCryptoKey.prototype, CryptoKey.prototype);
 
function isCryptoKey(obj) {
  return obj != null && obj[kKeyObject] !== undefined;
}
 
function isJwk(obj) {
  return obj != null && obj.kty !== undefined;
}
 
module.exports = {
  // Public API.
  createSecretKey,
  createPublicKey,
  createPrivateKey,
  KeyObject,
  CryptoKey,
  InternalCryptoKey,
 
  // These are designed for internal use only and should not be exposed.
  parsePublicKeyEncoding,
  parsePrivateKeyEncoding,
  parseKeyEncoding,
  preparePrivateKey,
  preparePublicOrPrivateKey,
  prepareSecretKey,
  SecretKeyObject,
  PublicKeyObject,
  PrivateKeyObject,
  isKeyObject,
  isCryptoKey,
  isJwk,
};