All files / lib/internal/fs promises.js

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'use strict';
 
const {
  ArrayPrototypePush,
  Error,
  MathMax,
  MathMin,
  ObjectCreate,
  NumberIsSafeInteger,
  Promise,
  PromisePrototypeThen,
  PromiseResolve,
  PromiseReject,
  SafeArrayIterator,
  SafePromisePrototypeFinally,
  Symbol,
  Uint8Array,
} = primordials;
 
const {
  F_OK,
  O_SYMLINK,
  O_WRONLY,
  S_IFMT,
  S_IFREG
} = internalBinding('constants').fs;
const binding = internalBinding('fs');
const { Buffer } = require('buffer');
 
const {
  codes: {
    ERR_FS_FILE_TOO_LARGE,
    ERR_INVALID_ARG_VALUE,
    ERR_INVALID_STATE,
    ERR_METHOD_NOT_IMPLEMENTED,
  },
  AbortError,
  aggregateTwoErrors,
} = require('internal/errors');
const { isArrayBufferView } = require('internal/util/types');
const { rimrafPromises } = require('internal/fs/rimraf');
const {
  constants: {
    kIoMaxLength,
    kMaxUserId,
    kReadFileBufferLength,
    kReadFileUnknownBufferLength,
    kWriteFileMaxChunkSize,
  },
  copyObject,
  emitRecursiveRmdirWarning,
  getDirents,
  getOptions,
  getStatsFromBinding,
  getValidatedPath,
  getValidMode,
  nullCheck,
  preprocessSymlinkDestination,
  stringToFlags,
  stringToSymlinkType,
  toUnixTimestamp,
  validateBufferArray,
  validateCpOptions,
  validateOffsetLengthRead,
  validateOffsetLengthWrite,
  validateRmOptions,
  validateRmdirOptions,
  validatePrimitiveStringAfterArrayBufferView,
  warnOnNonPortableTemplate,
} = require('internal/fs/utils');
const { opendir } = require('internal/fs/dir');
const {
  parseFileMode,
  validateAbortSignal,
  validateBoolean,
  validateBuffer,
  validateEncoding,
  validateInteger,
  validateString,
} = require('internal/validators');
const pathModule = require('path');
const { lazyDOMException, promisify } = require('internal/util');
const { EventEmitterMixin } = require('internal/event_target');
const { watch } = require('internal/fs/watchers');
const { isIterable } = require('internal/streams/utils');
const assert = require('internal/assert');
 
const kHandle = Symbol('kHandle');
const kFd = Symbol('kFd');
const kRefs = Symbol('kRefs');
const kClosePromise = Symbol('kClosePromise');
const kCloseResolve = Symbol('kCloseResolve');
const kCloseReject = Symbol('kCloseReject');
const kRef = Symbol('kRef');
const kUnref = Symbol('kUnref');
const kLocked = Symbol('kLocked');
 
const { kUsePromises } = binding;
const {
  JSTransferable, kDeserialize, kTransfer, kTransferList
} = require('internal/worker/js_transferable');
 
const {
  newReadableStreamFromStreamBase,
} = require('internal/webstreams/adapters');
 
const {
  readableStreamCancel,
} = require('internal/webstreams/readablestream');
 
const getDirectoryEntriesPromise = promisify(getDirents);
const validateRmOptionsPromise = promisify(validateRmOptions);
 
let cpPromises;
function lazyLoadCpPromises() {
  return cpPromises ??= require('internal/fs/cp/cp').cpFn;
}
 
// Lazy loaded to avoid circular dependency.
let fsStreams;
function lazyFsStreams() {
  return fsStreams ??= require('internal/fs/streams');
}
 
class FileHandle extends EventEmitterMixin(JSTransferable) {
  /**
   * @param {InternalFSBinding.FileHandle | undefined} filehandle
   */
  constructor(filehandle) {
    super();
    this[kHandle] = filehandle;
    this[kFd] = filehandle ? filehandle.fd : -1;
 
    this[kRefs] = 1;
    this[kClosePromise] = null;
  }
 
  getAsyncId() {
    return this[kHandle].getAsyncId();
  }
 
  get fd() {
    return this[kFd];
  }
 
  appendFile(data, options) {
    return fsCall(writeFile, this, data, options);
  }
 
  chmod(mode) {
    return fsCall(fchmod, this, mode);
  }
 
  chown(uid, gid) {
    return fsCall(fchown, this, uid, gid);
  }
 
  datasync() {
    return fsCall(fdatasync, this);
  }
 
  sync() {
    return fsCall(fsync, this);
  }
 
  read(buffer, offset, length, position) {
    return fsCall(read, this, buffer, offset, length, position);
  }
 
  readv(buffers, position) {
    return fsCall(readv, this, buffers, position);
  }
 
  readFile(options) {
    return fsCall(readFile, this, options);
  }
 
  stat(options) {
    return fsCall(fstat, this, options);
  }
 
  truncate(len = 0) {
    return fsCall(ftruncate, this, len);
  }
 
  utimes(atime, mtime) {
    return fsCall(futimes, this, atime, mtime);
  }
 
  write(buffer, offset, length, position) {
    return fsCall(write, this, buffer, offset, length, position);
  }
 
  writev(buffers, position) {
    return fsCall(writev, this, buffers, position);
  }
 
  writeFile(data, options) {
    return fsCall(writeFile, this, data, options);
  }
 
  close = () => {
    if (this[kFd] === -1) {
      return PromiseResolve();
    }
 
    if (this[kClosePromise]) {
      return this[kClosePromise];
    }
 
    this[kRefs]--;
    if (this[kRefs] === 0) {
      this[kFd] = -1;
      this[kClosePromise] = SafePromisePrototypeFinally(
        this[kHandle].close(),
        () => { this[kClosePromise] = undefined; }
      );
    } else {
      this[kClosePromise] = SafePromisePrototypeFinally(
        new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
          this[kCloseResolve] = resolve;
          this[kCloseReject] = reject;
        }), () => {
          this[kClosePromise] = undefined;
          this[kCloseReject] = undefined;
          this[kCloseResolve] = undefined;
        }
      );
    }
 
    this.emit('close');
    return this[kClosePromise];
  };
 
  /**
   * @typedef {import('../webstreams/readablestream').ReadableStream
   * } ReadableStream
   * @returns {ReadableStream}
   */
  readableWebStream() {
    if (this[kFd] === -1)
      throw new ERR_INVALID_STATE('The FileHandle is closed');
    if (this[kClosePromise])
      throw new ERR_INVALID_STATE('The FileHandle is closing');
    if (this[kLocked])
      throw new ERR_INVALID_STATE('The FileHandle is locked');
    this[kLocked] = true;
 
    const readable = newReadableStreamFromStreamBase(
      this[kHandle],
      undefined,
      { ondone: () => this[kUnref]() });
 
    this[kRef]();
    this.once('close', () => {
      readableStreamCancel(readable);
    });
 
    return readable;
  }
 
  /**
   * @typedef {import('./streams').ReadStream
   * } ReadStream
   * @param {{
   *   encoding?: string;
   *   autoClose?: boolean;
   *   emitClose?: boolean;
   *   start: number;
   *   end?: number;
   *   highWaterMark?: number;
   *   }} [options]
   * @returns {ReadStream}
   */
  createReadStream(options = undefined) {
    const { ReadStream } = lazyFsStreams();
    return new ReadStream(undefined, { ...options, fd: this });
  }
 
  /**
   * @typedef {import('./streams').WriteStream
   * } WriteStream
   * @param {{
   *   encoding?: string;
   *   autoClose?: boolean;
   *   emitClose?: boolean;
   *   start: number;
   *   }} [options]
   * @returns {WriteStream}
   */
  createWriteStream(options = undefined) {
    const { WriteStream } = lazyFsStreams();
    return new WriteStream(undefined, { ...options, fd: this });
  }
 
  [kTransfer]() {
    if (this[kClosePromise] || this[kRefs] > 1) {
      throw lazyDOMException('Cannot transfer FileHandle while in use',
                             'DataCloneError');
    }
 
    const handle = this[kHandle];
    this[kFd] = -1;
    this[kHandle] = null;
    this[kRefs] = 0;
 
    return {
      data: { handle },
      deserializeInfo: 'internal/fs/promises:FileHandle'
    };
  }
 
  [kTransferList]() {
    return [ this[kHandle] ];
  }
 
  [kDeserialize]({ handle }) {
    this[kHandle] = handle;
    this[kFd] = handle.fd;
  }
 
  [kRef]() {
    this[kRefs]++;
  }
 
  [kUnref]() {
    this[kRefs]--;
    if (this[kRefs] === 0) {
      this[kFd] = -1;
      PromisePrototypeThen(
        this[kHandle].close(),
        this[kCloseResolve],
        this[kCloseReject]
      );
    }
  }
}
 
async function handleFdClose(fileOpPromise, closeFunc) {
  return PromisePrototypeThen(
    fileOpPromise,
    (result) => PromisePrototypeThen(closeFunc(), () => result),
    (opError) =>
      PromisePrototypeThen(
        closeFunc(),
        () => PromiseReject(opError),
        (closeError) => PromiseReject(aggregateTwoErrors(closeError, opError))
      )
  );
}
 
async function fsCall(fn, handle, ...args) {
  assert(handle[kRefs] !== undefined,
         'handle must be an instance of FileHandle');
 
  if (handle.fd === -1) {
    // eslint-disable-next-line no-restricted-syntax
    const err = new Error('file closed');
    err.code = 'EBADF';
    err.syscall = fn.name;
    throw err;
  }
 
  try {
    handle[kRef]();
    return await fn(handle, ...new SafeArrayIterator(args));
  } finally {
    handle[kUnref]();
  }
}
 
function checkAborted(signal) {
  if (signal?.aborted)
    throw new AbortError(undefined, { cause: signal?.reason });
}
 
async function writeFileHandle(filehandle, data, signal, encoding) {
  checkAborted(signal);
  if (isCustomIterable(data)) {
    for await (const buf of data) {
      checkAborted(signal);
      const toWrite =
        isArrayBufferView(buf) ? buf : Buffer.from(buf, encoding || 'utf8');
      let remaining = toWrite.byteLength;
      while (remaining > 0) {
        const writeSize = MathMin(kWriteFileMaxChunkSize, remaining);
        const { bytesWritten } = await write(
          filehandle, toWrite, toWrite.byteLength - remaining, writeSize);
        remaining -= bytesWritten;
        checkAborted(signal);
      }
    }
    return;
  }
  data = new Uint8Array(data.buffer, data.byteOffset, data.byteLength);
  let remaining = data.byteLength;
  if (remaining === 0) return;
  do {
    checkAborted(signal);
    const { bytesWritten } =
      await write(filehandle, data, 0,
                  MathMin(kWriteFileMaxChunkSize, data.byteLength));
    remaining -= bytesWritten;
    data = new Uint8Array(
      data.buffer,
      data.byteOffset + bytesWritten,
      data.byteLength - bytesWritten
    );
  } while (remaining > 0);
}
 
async function readFileHandle(filehandle, options) {
  const signal = options?.signal;
 
  checkAborted(signal);
 
  const statFields = await binding.fstat(filehandle.fd, false, kUsePromises);
 
  checkAborted(signal);
 
  let size;
  if ((statFields[1/* mode */] & S_IFMT) === S_IFREG) {
    size = statFields[8/* size */];
  } else {
    size = 0;
  }
 
  if (size > kIoMaxLength)
    throw new ERR_FS_FILE_TOO_LARGE(size);
 
  let endOfFile = false;
  let totalRead = 0;
  const noSize = size === 0;
  const buffers = [];
  const fullBuffer = noSize ? undefined : Buffer.allocUnsafeSlow(size);
  do {
    checkAborted(signal);
    let buffer;
    let offset;
    let length;
    if (noSize) {
      buffer = Buffer.allocUnsafeSlow(kReadFileUnknownBufferLength);
      offset = 0;
      length = kReadFileUnknownBufferLength;
    } else {
      buffer = fullBuffer;
      offset = totalRead;
      length = MathMin(size - totalRead, kReadFileBufferLength);
    }
 
    const bytesRead = (await binding.read(filehandle.fd, buffer, offset,
                                          length, -1, kUsePromises)) || 0;
    totalRead += bytesRead;
    endOfFile = bytesRead === 0 || totalRead === size;
    if (noSize && bytesRead > 0) {
      const isBufferFull = bytesRead === kReadFileUnknownBufferLength;
      const chunkBuffer = isBufferFull ? buffer : buffer.slice(0, bytesRead);
      ArrayPrototypePush(buffers, chunkBuffer);
    }
  } while (!endOfFile);
 
  let result;
  if (size > 0) {
    result = totalRead === size ? fullBuffer : fullBuffer.slice(0, totalRead);
  } else {
    result = buffers.length === 1 ? buffers[0] : Buffer.concat(buffers,
                                                               totalRead);
  }
 
  return options.encoding ? result.toString(options.encoding) : result;
}
 
// All of the functions are defined as async in order to ensure that errors
// thrown cause promise rejections rather than being thrown synchronously.
async function access(path, mode = F_OK) {
  path = getValidatedPath(path);
 
  mode = getValidMode(mode, 'access');
  return binding.access(pathModule.toNamespacedPath(path), mode,
                        kUsePromises);
}
 
async function cp(src, dest, options) {
  options = validateCpOptions(options);
  src = pathModule.toNamespacedPath(getValidatedPath(src, 'src'));
  dest = pathModule.toNamespacedPath(getValidatedPath(dest, 'dest'));
  return lazyLoadCpPromises()(src, dest, options);
}
 
async function copyFile(src, dest, mode) {
  src = getValidatedPath(src, 'src');
  dest = getValidatedPath(dest, 'dest');
  mode = getValidMode(mode, 'copyFile');
  return binding.copyFile(pathModule.toNamespacedPath(src),
                          pathModule.toNamespacedPath(dest),
                          mode,
                          kUsePromises);
}
 
// Note that unlike fs.open() which uses numeric file descriptors,
// fsPromises.open() uses the fs.FileHandle class.
async function open(path, flags, mode) {
  path = getValidatedPath(path);
  const flagsNumber = stringToFlags(flags);
  mode = parseFileMode(mode, 'mode', 0o666);
  return new FileHandle(
    await binding.openFileHandle(pathModule.toNamespacedPath(path),
                                 flagsNumber, mode, kUsePromises));
}
 
async function read(handle, bufferOrOptions, offset, length, position) {
  let buffer = bufferOrOptions;
  if (!isArrayBufferView(buffer)) {
    bufferOrOptions ??= ObjectCreate(null);
    ({
      buffer = Buffer.alloc(16384),
      offset = 0,
      length = buffer.byteLength - offset,
      position = null
    } = bufferOrOptions);
 
    validateBuffer(buffer);
  }
 
  if (offset == null) {
    offset = 0;
  } else {
    validateInteger(offset, 'offset', 0);
  }
 
  length |= 0;
 
  if (length === 0)
    return { bytesRead: length, buffer };
 
  if (buffer.byteLength === 0) {
    throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_VALUE('buffer', buffer,
                                    'is empty and cannot be written');
  }
 
  validateOffsetLengthRead(offset, length, buffer.byteLength);
 
  if (!NumberIsSafeInteger(position))
    position = -1;
 
  const bytesRead = (await binding.read(handle.fd, buffer, offset, length,
                                        position, kUsePromises)) || 0;
 
  return { bytesRead, buffer };
}
 
async function readv(handle, buffers, position) {
  validateBufferArray(buffers);
 
  if (typeof position !== 'number')
    position = null;
 
  const bytesRead = (await binding.readBuffers(handle.fd, buffers, position,
                                               kUsePromises)) || 0;
  return { bytesRead, buffers };
}
 
async function write(handle, buffer, offset, length, position) {
  if (buffer?.byteLength === 0)
    return { bytesWritten: 0, buffer };
 
  if (isArrayBufferView(buffer)) {
    if (offset == null) {
      offset = 0;
    } else {
      validateInteger(offset, 'offset', 0);
    }
    if (typeof length !== 'number')
      length = buffer.byteLength - offset;
    if (typeof position !== 'number')
      position = null;
    validateOffsetLengthWrite(offset, length, buffer.byteLength);
    const bytesWritten =
      (await binding.writeBuffer(handle.fd, buffer, offset,
                                 length, position, kUsePromises)) || 0;
    return { bytesWritten, buffer };
  }
 
  validatePrimitiveStringAfterArrayBufferView(buffer, 'buffer');
  validateEncoding(buffer, length);
  const bytesWritten = (await binding.writeString(handle.fd, buffer, offset,
                                                  length, kUsePromises)) || 0;
  return { bytesWritten, buffer };
}
 
async function writev(handle, buffers, position) {
  validateBufferArray(buffers);
 
  if (typeof position !== 'number')
    position = null;
 
  if (buffers.length === 0) {
    return { bytesWritten: 0, buffers };
  }
 
  const bytesWritten = (await binding.writeBuffers(handle.fd, buffers, position,
                                                   kUsePromises)) || 0;
  return { bytesWritten, buffers };
}
 
async function rename(oldPath, newPath) {
  oldPath = getValidatedPath(oldPath, 'oldPath');
  newPath = getValidatedPath(newPath, 'newPath');
  return binding.rename(pathModule.toNamespacedPath(oldPath),
                        pathModule.toNamespacedPath(newPath),
                        kUsePromises);
}
 
async function truncate(path, len = 0) {
  const fd = await open(path, 'r+');
  return handleFdClose(ftruncate(fd, len), fd.close);
}
 
async function ftruncate(handle, len = 0) {
  validateInteger(len, 'len');
  len = MathMax(0, len);
  return binding.ftruncate(handle.fd, len, kUsePromises);
}
 
async function rm(path, options) {
  path = pathModule.toNamespacedPath(getValidatedPath(path));
  options = await validateRmOptionsPromise(path, options, false);
  return rimrafPromises(path, options);
}
 
async function rmdir(path, options) {
  path = pathModule.toNamespacedPath(getValidatedPath(path));
  options = validateRmdirOptions(options);
 
  if (options.recursive) {
    emitRecursiveRmdirWarning();
    const stats = await stat(path);
    if (stats.isDirectory()) {
      return rimrafPromises(path, options);
    }
  }
 
  return binding.rmdir(path, kUsePromises);
}
 
async function fdatasync(handle) {
  return binding.fdatasync(handle.fd, kUsePromises);
}
 
async function fsync(handle) {
  return binding.fsync(handle.fd, kUsePromises);
}
 
async function mkdir(path, options) {
  if (typeof options === 'number' || typeof options === 'string') {
    options = { mode: options };
  }
  const {
    recursive = false,
    mode = 0o777
  } = options || {};
  path = getValidatedPath(path);
  validateBoolean(recursive, 'options.recursive');
 
  return binding.mkdir(pathModule.toNamespacedPath(path),
                       parseFileMode(mode, 'mode', 0o777), recursive,
                       kUsePromises);
}
 
async function readdir(path, options) {
  options = getOptions(options, {});
  path = getValidatedPath(path);
  const result = await binding.readdir(pathModule.toNamespacedPath(path),
                                       options.encoding,
                                       !!options.withFileTypes,
                                       kUsePromises);
  return options.withFileTypes ?
    getDirectoryEntriesPromise(path, result) :
    result;
}
 
async function readlink(path, options) {
  options = getOptions(options, {});
  path = getValidatedPath(path, 'oldPath');
  return binding.readlink(pathModule.toNamespacedPath(path),
                          options.encoding, kUsePromises);
}
 
async function symlink(target, path, type_) {
  const type = (typeof type_ === 'string' ? type_ : null);
  target = getValidatedPath(target, 'target');
  path = getValidatedPath(path);
  return binding.symlink(preprocessSymlinkDestination(target, type, path),
                         pathModule.toNamespacedPath(path),
                         stringToSymlinkType(type),
                         kUsePromises);
}
 
async function fstat(handle, options = { bigint: false }) {
  const result = await binding.fstat(handle.fd, options.bigint, kUsePromises);
  return getStatsFromBinding(result);
}
 
async function lstat(path, options = { bigint: false }) {
  path = getValidatedPath(path);
  const result = await binding.lstat(pathModule.toNamespacedPath(path),
                                     options.bigint, kUsePromises);
  return getStatsFromBinding(result);
}
 
async function stat(path, options = { bigint: false }) {
  path = getValidatedPath(path);
  const result = await binding.stat(pathModule.toNamespacedPath(path),
                                    options.bigint, kUsePromises);
  return getStatsFromBinding(result);
}
 
async function link(existingPath, newPath) {
  existingPath = getValidatedPath(existingPath, 'existingPath');
  newPath = getValidatedPath(newPath, 'newPath');
  return binding.link(pathModule.toNamespacedPath(existingPath),
                      pathModule.toNamespacedPath(newPath),
                      kUsePromises);
}
 
async function unlink(path) {
  path = getValidatedPath(path);
  return binding.unlink(pathModule.toNamespacedPath(path), kUsePromises);
}
 
async function fchmod(handle, mode) {
  mode = parseFileMode(mode, 'mode');
  return binding.fchmod(handle.fd, mode, kUsePromises);
}
 
async function chmod(path, mode) {
  path = getValidatedPath(path);
  mode = parseFileMode(mode, 'mode');
  return binding.chmod(pathModule.toNamespacedPath(path), mode, kUsePromises);
}
 
async function lchmod(path, mode) {
  if (O_SYMLINK === undefined)
    throw new ERR_METHOD_NOT_IMPLEMENTED('lchmod()');

  const fd = await open(path, O_WRONLY | O_SYMLINK);
  return handleFdClose(fchmod(fd, mode), fd.close);
}
 
async function lchown(path, uid, gid) {
  path = getValidatedPath(path);
  validateInteger(uid, 'uid', -1, kMaxUserId);
  validateInteger(gid, 'gid', -1, kMaxUserId);
  return binding.lchown(pathModule.toNamespacedPath(path),
                        uid, gid, kUsePromises);
}
 
async function fchown(handle, uid, gid) {
  validateInteger(uid, 'uid', -1, kMaxUserId);
  validateInteger(gid, 'gid', -1, kMaxUserId);
  return binding.fchown(handle.fd, uid, gid, kUsePromises);
}
 
async function chown(path, uid, gid) {
  path = getValidatedPath(path);
  validateInteger(uid, 'uid', -1, kMaxUserId);
  validateInteger(gid, 'gid', -1, kMaxUserId);
  return binding.chown(pathModule.toNamespacedPath(path),
                       uid, gid, kUsePromises);
}
 
async function utimes(path, atime, mtime) {
  path = getValidatedPath(path);
  return binding.utimes(pathModule.toNamespacedPath(path),
                        toUnixTimestamp(atime),
                        toUnixTimestamp(mtime),
                        kUsePromises);
}
 
async function futimes(handle, atime, mtime) {
  atime = toUnixTimestamp(atime, 'atime');
  mtime = toUnixTimestamp(mtime, 'mtime');
  return binding.futimes(handle.fd, atime, mtime, kUsePromises);
}
 
async function lutimes(path, atime, mtime) {
  path = getValidatedPath(path);
  return binding.lutimes(pathModule.toNamespacedPath(path),
                         toUnixTimestamp(atime),
                         toUnixTimestamp(mtime),
                         kUsePromises);
}
 
async function realpath(path, options) {
  options = getOptions(options, {});
  path = getValidatedPath(path);
  return binding.realpath(path, options.encoding, kUsePromises);
}
 
async function mkdtemp(prefix, options) {
  options = getOptions(options, {});
 
  validateString(prefix, 'prefix');
  nullCheck(prefix);
  warnOnNonPortableTemplate(prefix);
  return binding.mkdtemp(`${prefix}XXXXXX`, options.encoding, kUsePromises);
}
 
async function writeFile(path, data, options) {
  options = getOptions(options, { encoding: 'utf8', mode: 0o666, flag: 'w' });
  const flag = options.flag || 'w';
 
  if (!isArrayBufferView(data) && !isCustomIterable(data)) {
    validatePrimitiveStringAfterArrayBufferView(data, 'data');
    data = Buffer.from(data, options.encoding || 'utf8');
  }
 
  validateAbortSignal(options.signal);
  if (path instanceof FileHandle)
    return writeFileHandle(path, data, options.signal, options.encoding);
 
  checkAborted(options.signal);
 
  const fd = await open(path, flag, options.mode);
  return handleFdClose(
    writeFileHandle(fd, data, options.signal, options.encoding), fd.close);
}
 
function isCustomIterable(obj) {
  return isIterable(obj) && !isArrayBufferView(obj) && typeof obj !== 'string';
}
 
async function appendFile(path, data, options) {
  options = getOptions(options, { encoding: 'utf8', mode: 0o666, flag: 'a' });
  options = copyObject(options);
  options.flag = options.flag || 'a';
  return writeFile(path, data, options);
}
 
async function readFile(path, options) {
  options = getOptions(options, { flag: 'r' });
  const flag = options.flag || 'r';
 
  if (path instanceof FileHandle)
    return readFileHandle(path, options);
 
  checkAborted(options.signal);
 
  const fd = await open(path, flag, 0o666);
  return handleFdClose(readFileHandle(fd, options), fd.close);
}
 
module.exports = {
  exports: {
    access,
    copyFile,
    cp,
    open,
    opendir: promisify(opendir),
    rename,
    truncate,
    rm,
    rmdir,
    mkdir,
    readdir,
    readlink,
    symlink,
    lstat,
    stat,
    link,
    unlink,
    chmod,
    lchmod,
    lchown,
    chown,
    utimes,
    lutimes,
    realpath,
    mkdtemp,
    writeFile,
    appendFile,
    readFile,
    watch,
  },
 
  FileHandle,
  kRef,
  kUnref,
};