All files / lib/internal/modules/esm loader.js

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'use strict';
 
// This is needed to avoid cycles in esm/resolve <-> cjs/loader
require('internal/modules/cjs/loader');
 
const {
  Array,
  ArrayIsArray,
  ArrayPrototypeJoin,
  ArrayPrototypePush,
  FunctionPrototypeBind,
  FunctionPrototypeCall,
  ObjectAssign,
  ObjectCreate,
  ObjectSetPrototypeOf,
  PromiseAll,
  RegExpPrototypeExec,
  SafeArrayIterator,
  SafeWeakMap,
  StringPrototypeStartsWith,
  globalThis,
} = primordials;
const { MessageChannel } = require('internal/worker/io');
 
const {
  ERR_INTERNAL_ASSERTION,
  ERR_INVALID_ARG_TYPE,
  ERR_INVALID_ARG_VALUE,
  ERR_INVALID_RETURN_PROPERTY_VALUE,
  ERR_INVALID_RETURN_VALUE,
  ERR_UNKNOWN_MODULE_FORMAT
} = require('internal/errors').codes;
const { pathToFileURL, isURLInstance, URL } = require('internal/url');
const { emitExperimentalWarning } = require('internal/util');
const {
  isAnyArrayBuffer,
  isArrayBufferView,
} = require('internal/util/types');
const ModuleMap = require('internal/modules/esm/module_map');
const ModuleJob = require('internal/modules/esm/module_job');
 
const {
  defaultResolve,
  DEFAULT_CONDITIONS,
} = require('internal/modules/esm/resolve');
const {
  initializeImportMeta
} = require('internal/modules/esm/initialize_import_meta');
const { defaultLoad } = require('internal/modules/esm/load');
const { translators } = require(
  'internal/modules/esm/translators');
const { getOptionValue } = require('internal/options');
const {
  fetchModule,
} = require('internal/modules/esm/fetch_module');
 
 
/**
 * Prevent the specifier resolution warning from being printed twice
 */
let emittedSpecifierResolutionWarning = false;
 
 
/**
 * An ESMLoader instance is used as the main entry point for loading ES modules.
 * Currently, this is a singleton -- there is only one used for loading
 * the main module and everything in its dependency graph.
 */
class ESMLoader {
  /**
   * Prior to ESM loading. These are called once before any modules are started.
   * @private
   * @property {Function[]} globalPreloaders First-in-first-out list of
   * preload hooks.
   */
  #globalPreloaders = [];
 
  /**
   * Phase 2 of 2 in ESM loading.
   * @private
   * @property {Function[]} loaders First-in-first-out list of loader hooks.
   */
  #loaders = [
    defaultLoad,
  ];
 
  /**
   * Phase 1 of 2 in ESM loading.
   * @private
   * @property {Function[]} resolvers First-in-first-out list of resolver hooks
   */
  #resolvers = [
    defaultResolve,
  ];
 
  #importMetaInitializer = initializeImportMeta;
 
  /**
   * Map of already-loaded CJS modules to use
   */
  cjsCache = new SafeWeakMap();
 
  /**
   * The index for assigning unique URLs to anonymous module evaluation
   */
  evalIndex = 0;
 
  /**
   * Registry of loaded modules, akin to `require.cache`
   */
  moduleMap = new ModuleMap();
 
  /**
   * Methods which translate input code or other information into ES modules
   */
  translators = translators;
 
  constructor() {
    if (getOptionValue('--experimental-loader')) {
      emitExperimentalWarning('Custom ESM Loaders');
    }
    if (getOptionValue('--experimental-network-imports')) {
      emitExperimentalWarning('Network Imports');
    }
    if (getOptionValue('--experimental-specifier-resolution') === 'node' && !emittedSpecifierResolutionWarning) {
      process.emitWarning(
        'The Node.js specifier resolution flag is experimental. It could change or be removed at any time.',
        'ExperimentalWarning'
      );
      emittedSpecifierResolutionWarning = true;
    }
  }
 
  static pluckHooks({
    globalPreload,
    resolve,
    load,
    // obsolete hooks:
    dynamicInstantiate,
    getFormat,
    getGlobalPreloadCode,
    getSource,
    transformSource,
  }) {
    const obsoleteHooks = [];
    const acceptedHooks = ObjectCreate(null);
 
    if (getGlobalPreloadCode) {
      globalPreload ??= getGlobalPreloadCode;

      process.emitWarning(
        'Loader hook "getGlobalPreloadCode" has been renamed to "globalPreload"'
      );
    }
    if (dynamicInstantiate) ArrayPrototypePush(
      obsoleteHooks,
      'dynamicInstantiate'
    );
    if (getFormat) ArrayPrototypePush(
      obsoleteHooks,
      'getFormat',
    );
    if (getSource) ArrayPrototypePush(
      obsoleteHooks,
      'getSource',
    );
    if (transformSource) ArrayPrototypePush(
      obsoleteHooks,
      'transformSource',
    );
 
    if (obsoleteHooks.length) process.emitWarning(
      `Obsolete loader hook(s) supplied and will be ignored: ${
        ArrayPrototypeJoin(obsoleteHooks, ', ')
      }`,
      'DeprecationWarning',
    );
 
    // Use .bind() to avoid giving access to the Loader instance when called.
    if (globalPreload) {
      acceptedHooks.globalPreloader =
        FunctionPrototypeBind(globalPreload, null);
    }
    if (resolve) {
      acceptedHooks.resolver = FunctionPrototypeBind(resolve, null);
    }
    if (load) {
      acceptedHooks.loader = FunctionPrototypeBind(load, null);
    }
 
    return acceptedHooks;
  }
 
  /**
   * Collect custom/user-defined hook(s). After all hooks have been collected,
   * calls global preload hook(s).
   * @param {object | object[]} customLoaders A list of exports from
   * user-defined loaders (as returned by ESMLoader.import()).
   */
  async addCustomLoaders(
    customLoaders = [],
  ) {
    if (!ArrayIsArray(customLoaders)) customLoaders = [customLoaders];
 
    for (let i = 0; i < customLoaders.length; i++) {
      const exports = customLoaders[i];
      const {
        globalPreloader,
        resolver,
        loader,
      } = ESMLoader.pluckHooks(exports);
 
      if (globalPreloader) ArrayPrototypePush(
        this.#globalPreloaders,
        FunctionPrototypeBind(globalPreloader, null), // [1]
      );
      if (resolver) ArrayPrototypePush(
        this.#resolvers,
        FunctionPrototypeBind(resolver, null), // [1]
      );
      if (loader) ArrayPrototypePush(
        this.#loaders,
        FunctionPrototypeBind(loader, null), // [1]
      );
    }
 
    // [1] ensure hook function is not bound to ESMLoader instance
 
    this.preload();
  }
 
  async eval(
    source,
    url = pathToFileURL(`${process.cwd()}/[eval${++this.evalIndex}]`).href
  ) {
    const evalInstance = (url) => {
      const { ModuleWrap, callbackMap } = internalBinding('module_wrap');
      const module = new ModuleWrap(url, undefined, source, 0, 0);
      callbackMap.set(module, {
        importModuleDynamically: (specifier, { url }, importAssertions) => {
          return this.import(specifier,
                             this.getBaseURL(url),
                             importAssertions);
        }
      });
 
      return module;
    };
    const job = new ModuleJob(
      this, url, undefined, evalInstance, false, false);
    this.moduleMap.set(url, undefined, job);
    const { module } = await job.run();
 
    return {
      namespace: module.getNamespace(),
    };
  }
 
  /**
   * Returns the url to use for the resolution of a given cache key url
   * These are not guaranteed to be the same.
   *
   * In WHATWG HTTP spec for ESM the cache key is the non-I/O bound
   * synchronous resolution using only string operations
   *   ~= resolveImportMap(new URL(specifier, importerHREF))
   *
   * The url used for subsequent resolution is the response URL after
   * all redirects have been resolved.
   *
   * https://example.com/foo redirecting to https://example.com/bar
   * would have a cache key of https://example.com/foo and baseURL
   * of https://example.com/bar
   *
   * MUST BE SYNCHRONOUS for import.meta initialization
   * MUST BE CALLED AFTER receiving the url body due to I/O
   * @param {string} url
   * @returns {string}
   */
  getBaseURL(url) {
    if (
      StringPrototypeStartsWith(url, 'http:') ||
      StringPrototypeStartsWith(url, 'https:')
    ) {
      // The request & response have already settled, so they are in
      // fetchModule's cache, in which case, fetchModule returns
      // immediately and synchronously
      url = fetchModule(new URL(url), { parentURL: url }).resolvedHREF;
      // This should only occur if the module hasn't been fetched yet
      if (typeof url !== 'string') {
        throw new ERR_INTERNAL_ASSERTION(`Base url for module ${url} not loaded.`);
      }
    }
    return url;
  }
 
  /**
   * Get a (possibly still pending) module job from the cache,
   * or create one and return its Promise.
   * @param {string} specifier The string after `from` in an `import` statement,
   *                           or the first parameter of an `import()`
   *                           expression
   * @param {string | undefined} parentURL The URL of the module importing this
   *                                     one, unless this is the Node.js entry
   *                                     point.
   * @param {Record<string, string>} importAssertions Validations for the
   *                                                  module import.
   * @returns {Promise<ModuleJob>} The (possibly pending) module job
   */
  async getModuleJob(specifier, parentURL, importAssertions) {
    let importAssertionsForResolve;
    if (this.#loaders.length !== 1) {
      // We can skip cloning if there are no user provided loaders because
      // the Node.js default resolve hook does not use import assertions.
      importAssertionsForResolve =
        ObjectAssign(ObjectCreate(null), importAssertions);
    }
    const { format, url } =
      await this.resolve(specifier, parentURL, importAssertionsForResolve);
 
    let job = this.moduleMap.get(url, importAssertions.type);
 
    // CommonJS will set functions for lazy job evaluation.
    if (typeof job === 'function') {
      this.moduleMap.set(url, undefined, job = job());
    }
 
    if (job === undefined) {
      job = this.#createModuleJob(url, importAssertions, parentURL, format);
    }
 
    return job;
  }
 
  /**
   * Create and cache an object representing a loaded module.
   * @param {string} url The absolute URL that was resolved for this module
   * @param {Record<string, string>} importAssertions Validations for the
   *                                                  module import.
   * @param {string} [parentURL] The absolute URL of the module importing this
   *                             one, unless this is the Node.js entry point
   * @param {string} [format] The format hint possibly returned by the
   *                          `resolve` hook
   * @returns {Promise<ModuleJob>} The (possibly pending) module job
   */
  #createModuleJob(url, importAssertions, parentURL, format) {
    const moduleProvider = async (url, isMain) => {
      const {
        format: finalFormat,
        source,
      } = await this.load(url, {
        format,
        importAssertions,
      });
 
      const translator = translators.get(finalFormat);
 
      if (!translator) {
        throw new ERR_UNKNOWN_MODULE_FORMAT(finalFormat, url);
      }
 
      return FunctionPrototypeCall(translator, this, url, source, isMain);
    };
 
    const inspectBrk = (
      parentURL === undefined &&
      getOptionValue('--inspect-brk')
    );
 
    const job = new ModuleJob(
      this,
      url,
      importAssertions,
      moduleProvider,
      parentURL === undefined,
      inspectBrk
    );
 
    this.moduleMap.set(url, importAssertions.type, job);
 
    return job;
  }
 
  /**
   * This method is usually called indirectly as part of the loading processes.
   * Internally, it is used directly to add loaders. Use directly with caution.
   *
   * This method must NOT be renamed: it functions as a dynamic import on a
   * loader module.
   *
   * @param {string | string[]} specifiers Path(s) to the module.
   * @param {string} parentURL Path of the parent importing the module.
   * @param {Record<string, string>} importAssertions Validations for the
   *                                                  module import.
   * @returns {Promise<object | object[]>} A list of module export(s).
   */
  async import(specifiers, parentURL, importAssertions) {
    const wasArr = ArrayIsArray(specifiers);
    if (!wasArr) specifiers = [specifiers];
 
    const count = specifiers.length;
    const jobs = new Array(count);
 
    for (let i = 0; i < count; i++) {
      jobs[i] = this.getModuleJob(specifiers[i], parentURL, importAssertions)
        .then((job) => job.run())
        .then(({ module }) => module.getNamespace());
    }
 
    const namespaces = await PromiseAll(new SafeArrayIterator(jobs));
 
    return wasArr ?
      namespaces :
      namespaces[0];
  }
 
  /**
   * Provide source that is understood by one of Node's translators.
   *
   * The internals of this WILL change when chaining is implemented,
   * depending on the resolution/consensus from #36954
   * @param {string} url The URL/path of the module to be loaded
   * @param {object} context Metadata about the module
   * @returns {object}
   */
  async load(url, context = {}) {
    const defaultLoader = this.#loaders[0];
 
    const loader = this.#loaders.length === 1 ?
      defaultLoader :
      this.#loaders[1];
    const loaded = await loader(url, context, defaultLoader);
 
    if (typeof loaded !== 'object') {
      throw new ERR_INVALID_RETURN_VALUE(
        'object',
        'loader load',
        loaded,
      );
    }
 
    const {
      format,
      source,
    } = loaded;
 
    if (format == null) {
      const dataUrl = RegExpPrototypeExec(
        /^data:([^/]+\/[^;,]+)(?:[^,]*?)(;base64)?,/,
        url,
      );
 
      throw new ERR_UNKNOWN_MODULE_FORMAT(
        dataUrl ? dataUrl[1] : format,
        url);
    }
 
    if (typeof format !== 'string') {
      throw new ERR_INVALID_RETURN_PROPERTY_VALUE(
        'string',
        'loader resolve',
        'format',
        format,
      );
    }
 
    if (
      source != null &&
      typeof source !== 'string' &&
      !isAnyArrayBuffer(source) &&
      !isArrayBufferView(source)
    ) throw ERR_INVALID_RETURN_PROPERTY_VALUE(
      'string, an ArrayBuffer, or a TypedArray',
      'loader load',
      'source',
      source
    );
 
    return {
      format,
      source,
    };
  }
 
  preload() {
    const count = this.#globalPreloaders.length;
    if (!count) return;
 
    for (let i = 0; i < count; i++) {
      const channel = new MessageChannel();
      const {
        port1: insidePreload,
        port2: insideLoader,
      } = channel;
 
      insidePreload.unref();
      insideLoader.unref();
 
      const preload = this.#globalPreloaders[i]({
        port: insideLoader
      });
 
      if (preload == null) return;
 
      if (typeof preload !== 'string') {
        throw new ERR_INVALID_RETURN_VALUE(
          'string',
          'loader globalPreloadCode',
          preload,
        );
      }
      const { compileFunction } = require('vm');
      const preloadInit = compileFunction(
        preload,
        ['getBuiltin', 'port', 'setImportMetaCallback'],
        {
          filename: '<preload>',
        }
      );
      const { NativeModule } = require('internal/bootstrap/loaders');
      // We only allow replacing the importMetaInitializer during preload,
      // after preload is finished, we disable the ability to replace it
      //
      // This exposes accidentally setting the initializer too late by
      // throwing an error.
      let finished = false;
      let replacedImportMetaInitializer = false;
      let next = this.#importMetaInitializer;
      try {
        // Calls the compiled preload source text gotten from the hook
        // Since the parameters are named we use positional parameters
        // see compileFunction above to cross reference the names
        FunctionPrototypeCall(
          preloadInit,
          globalThis,
          // Param getBuiltin
          (builtinName) => {
            if (NativeModule.canBeRequiredByUsers(builtinName)) {
              return require(builtinName);
            }
            throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_VALUE('builtinName', builtinName);
          },
          // Param port
          insidePreload,
          // Param setImportMetaCallback
          (fn) => {
            if (finished || typeof fn !== 'function') {
              throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_TYPE('fn', fn);
            }
            replacedImportMetaInitializer = true;
            const parent = next;
            next = (meta, context) => {
              return fn(meta, context, parent);
            };
          });
      } finally {
        finished = true;
        if (replacedImportMetaInitializer) {
          this.#importMetaInitializer = next;
        }
      }
    }
  }
 
  importMetaInitialize(meta, context) {
    this.#importMetaInitializer(meta, context);
  }
 
  /**
   * Resolve the location of the module.
   *
   * The internals of this WILL change when chaining is implemented,
   * depending on the resolution/consensus from #36954.
   * @param {string} originalSpecifier The specified URL path of the module to
   *                                   be resolved.
   * @param {string} [parentURL] The URL path of the module's parent.
   * @param {ImportAssertions} [importAssertions] Assertions from the import
   *                                              statement or expression.
   * @returns {{ url: string }}
   */
  async resolve(
    originalSpecifier,
    parentURL,
    importAssertions = ObjectCreate(null)
  ) {
    const isMain = parentURL === undefined;
 
    if (
      !isMain &&
      typeof parentURL !== 'string' &&
      !isURLInstance(parentURL)
    ) throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_TYPE(
      'parentURL',
      ['string', 'URL'],
      parentURL,
    );
 
    const conditions = DEFAULT_CONDITIONS;
 
    const defaultResolver = this.#resolvers[0];
 
    const resolver = this.#resolvers.length === 1 ?
      defaultResolver :
      this.#resolvers[1];
    const resolution = await resolver(
      originalSpecifier,
      {
        conditions,
        importAssertions,
        parentURL,
      },
      defaultResolver,
    );
 
    if (typeof resolution !== 'object') {
      throw new ERR_INVALID_RETURN_VALUE(
        'object',
        'loader resolve',
        resolution,
      );
    }
 
    const { format, url } = resolution;
 
    if (
      format != null &&
      typeof format !== 'string'
    ) {
      throw new ERR_INVALID_RETURN_PROPERTY_VALUE(
        'string',
        'loader resolve',
        'format',
        format,
      );
    }
 
    if (typeof url !== 'string') { // non-strings can be coerced to a url string
      throw new ERR_INVALID_RETURN_PROPERTY_VALUE(
        'string',
        'loader resolve',
        'url',
        url,
      );
    }
 
    new URL(url); // Intentionally trigger error if `url` is invalid
 
    return {
      format,
      url,
    };
  }
}
 
ObjectSetPrototypeOf(ESMLoader.prototype, null);
 
exports.ESMLoader = ESMLoader;