All files / lib/internal/http2 util.js

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'use strict';
 
const {
  ArrayIsArray,
  ArrayPrototypeIncludes,
  ArrayPrototypeMap,
  ArrayPrototypePush,
  Error,
  MathMax,
  Number,
  ObjectCreate,
  ObjectKeys,
  SafeSet,
  String,
  StringFromCharCode,
  StringPrototypeIncludes,
  StringPrototypeToLowerCase,
  Symbol,
} = primordials;
 
const binding = internalBinding('http2');
const {
  codes: {
    ERR_HTTP2_HEADER_SINGLE_VALUE,
    ERR_HTTP2_INVALID_CONNECTION_HEADERS,
    ERR_HTTP2_INVALID_PSEUDOHEADER,
    ERR_HTTP2_INVALID_SETTING_VALUE,
    ERR_INVALID_ARG_TYPE,
    ERR_INVALID_HTTP_TOKEN
  },
  addCodeToName,
  getMessage,
  hideStackFrames
} = require('internal/errors');
 
const kSensitiveHeaders = Symbol('nodejs.http2.sensitiveHeaders');
const kSocket = Symbol('socket');
const kProxySocket = Symbol('proxySocket');
const kRequest = Symbol('request');
 
const {
  NGHTTP2_NV_FLAG_NONE,
  NGHTTP2_NV_FLAG_NO_INDEX,
  NGHTTP2_SESSION_CLIENT,
  NGHTTP2_SESSION_SERVER,
 
  HTTP2_HEADER_STATUS,
  HTTP2_HEADER_METHOD,
  HTTP2_HEADER_AUTHORITY,
  HTTP2_HEADER_SCHEME,
  HTTP2_HEADER_PATH,
  HTTP2_HEADER_PROTOCOL,
  HTTP2_HEADER_ACCESS_CONTROL_ALLOW_CREDENTIALS,
  HTTP2_HEADER_ACCESS_CONTROL_MAX_AGE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_ACCESS_CONTROL_REQUEST_METHOD,
  HTTP2_HEADER_AGE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_AUTHORIZATION,
  HTTP2_HEADER_CONTENT_ENCODING,
  HTTP2_HEADER_CONTENT_LANGUAGE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_CONTENT_LENGTH,
  HTTP2_HEADER_CONTENT_LOCATION,
  HTTP2_HEADER_CONTENT_MD5,
  HTTP2_HEADER_CONTENT_RANGE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_CONTENT_TYPE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_COOKIE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_DATE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_DNT,
  HTTP2_HEADER_ETAG,
  HTTP2_HEADER_EXPIRES,
  HTTP2_HEADER_FROM,
  HTTP2_HEADER_HOST,
  HTTP2_HEADER_IF_MATCH,
  HTTP2_HEADER_IF_NONE_MATCH,
  HTTP2_HEADER_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_IF_RANGE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_IF_UNMODIFIED_SINCE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_LAST_MODIFIED,
  HTTP2_HEADER_LOCATION,
  HTTP2_HEADER_MAX_FORWARDS,
  HTTP2_HEADER_PROXY_AUTHORIZATION,
  HTTP2_HEADER_RANGE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_REFERER,
  HTTP2_HEADER_RETRY_AFTER,
  HTTP2_HEADER_SET_COOKIE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_TK,
  HTTP2_HEADER_UPGRADE_INSECURE_REQUESTS,
  HTTP2_HEADER_USER_AGENT,
  HTTP2_HEADER_X_CONTENT_TYPE_OPTIONS,
 
  HTTP2_HEADER_CONNECTION,
  HTTP2_HEADER_UPGRADE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_HTTP2_SETTINGS,
  HTTP2_HEADER_TE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_TRANSFER_ENCODING,
  HTTP2_HEADER_KEEP_ALIVE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_PROXY_CONNECTION,
 
  HTTP2_METHOD_DELETE,
  HTTP2_METHOD_GET,
  HTTP2_METHOD_HEAD
} = binding.constants;
 
// This set is defined strictly by the HTTP/2 specification. Only
// :-prefixed headers defined by that specification may be added to
// this set.
const kValidPseudoHeaders = new SafeSet([
  HTTP2_HEADER_STATUS,
  HTTP2_HEADER_METHOD,
  HTTP2_HEADER_AUTHORITY,
  HTTP2_HEADER_SCHEME,
  HTTP2_HEADER_PATH,
  HTTP2_HEADER_PROTOCOL,
]);
 
// This set contains headers that are permitted to have only a single
// value. Multiple instances must not be specified.
const kSingleValueHeaders = new SafeSet([
  HTTP2_HEADER_STATUS,
  HTTP2_HEADER_METHOD,
  HTTP2_HEADER_AUTHORITY,
  HTTP2_HEADER_SCHEME,
  HTTP2_HEADER_PATH,
  HTTP2_HEADER_PROTOCOL,
  HTTP2_HEADER_ACCESS_CONTROL_ALLOW_CREDENTIALS,
  HTTP2_HEADER_ACCESS_CONTROL_MAX_AGE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_ACCESS_CONTROL_REQUEST_METHOD,
  HTTP2_HEADER_AGE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_AUTHORIZATION,
  HTTP2_HEADER_CONTENT_ENCODING,
  HTTP2_HEADER_CONTENT_LANGUAGE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_CONTENT_LENGTH,
  HTTP2_HEADER_CONTENT_LOCATION,
  HTTP2_HEADER_CONTENT_MD5,
  HTTP2_HEADER_CONTENT_RANGE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_CONTENT_TYPE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_DATE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_DNT,
  HTTP2_HEADER_ETAG,
  HTTP2_HEADER_EXPIRES,
  HTTP2_HEADER_FROM,
  HTTP2_HEADER_HOST,
  HTTP2_HEADER_IF_MATCH,
  HTTP2_HEADER_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_IF_NONE_MATCH,
  HTTP2_HEADER_IF_RANGE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_IF_UNMODIFIED_SINCE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_LAST_MODIFIED,
  HTTP2_HEADER_LOCATION,
  HTTP2_HEADER_MAX_FORWARDS,
  HTTP2_HEADER_PROXY_AUTHORIZATION,
  HTTP2_HEADER_RANGE,
  HTTP2_HEADER_REFERER,
  HTTP2_HEADER_RETRY_AFTER,
  HTTP2_HEADER_TK,
  HTTP2_HEADER_UPGRADE_INSECURE_REQUESTS,
  HTTP2_HEADER_USER_AGENT,
  HTTP2_HEADER_X_CONTENT_TYPE_OPTIONS,
]);
 
// The HTTP methods in this set are specifically defined as assigning no
// meaning to the request payload. By default, unless the user explicitly
// overrides the endStream option on the request method, the endStream
// option will be defaulted to true when these methods are used.
const kNoPayloadMethods = new SafeSet([
  HTTP2_METHOD_DELETE,
  HTTP2_METHOD_GET,
  HTTP2_METHOD_HEAD,
]);
 
// The following ArrayBuffer instances are used to share memory more efficiently
// with the native binding side for a number of methods. These are not intended
// to be used directly by users in any way. The ArrayBuffers are created on
// the native side with values that are filled in on demand, the js code then
// reads those values out. The set of IDX constants that follow identify the
// relevant data positions within these buffers.
const { settingsBuffer, optionsBuffer } = binding;
 
// Note that Float64Array is used here because there is no Int64Array available
// and these deal with numbers that can be beyond the range of Uint32 and Int32.
// The values set on the native side will always be integers. This is not a
// unique example of this, this pattern can be found in use in other parts of
// Node.js core as a performance optimization.
const { sessionState, streamState } = binding;
 
const IDX_SETTINGS_HEADER_TABLE_SIZE = 0;
const IDX_SETTINGS_ENABLE_PUSH = 1;
const IDX_SETTINGS_INITIAL_WINDOW_SIZE = 2;
const IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_FRAME_SIZE = 3;
const IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_CONCURRENT_STREAMS = 4;
const IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_HEADER_LIST_SIZE = 5;
const IDX_SETTINGS_ENABLE_CONNECT_PROTOCOL = 6;
const IDX_SETTINGS_FLAGS = 7;
 
const IDX_SESSION_STATE_EFFECTIVE_LOCAL_WINDOW_SIZE = 0;
const IDX_SESSION_STATE_EFFECTIVE_RECV_DATA_LENGTH = 1;
const IDX_SESSION_STATE_NEXT_STREAM_ID = 2;
const IDX_SESSION_STATE_LOCAL_WINDOW_SIZE = 3;
const IDX_SESSION_STATE_LAST_PROC_STREAM_ID = 4;
const IDX_SESSION_STATE_REMOTE_WINDOW_SIZE = 5;
const IDX_SESSION_STATE_OUTBOUND_QUEUE_SIZE = 6;
const IDX_SESSION_STATE_HD_DEFLATE_DYNAMIC_TABLE_SIZE = 7;
const IDX_SESSION_STATE_HD_INFLATE_DYNAMIC_TABLE_SIZE = 8;
const IDX_STREAM_STATE = 0;
const IDX_STREAM_STATE_WEIGHT = 1;
const IDX_STREAM_STATE_SUM_DEPENDENCY_WEIGHT = 2;
const IDX_STREAM_STATE_LOCAL_CLOSE = 3;
const IDX_STREAM_STATE_REMOTE_CLOSE = 4;
const IDX_STREAM_STATE_LOCAL_WINDOW_SIZE = 5;
 
const IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_DEFLATE_DYNAMIC_TABLE_SIZE = 0;
const IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_RESERVED_REMOTE_STREAMS = 1;
const IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_SEND_HEADER_BLOCK_LENGTH = 2;
const IDX_OPTIONS_PEER_MAX_CONCURRENT_STREAMS = 3;
const IDX_OPTIONS_PADDING_STRATEGY = 4;
const IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_HEADER_LIST_PAIRS = 5;
const IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_OUTSTANDING_PINGS = 6;
const IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_OUTSTANDING_SETTINGS = 7;
const IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_SESSION_MEMORY = 8;
const IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_SETTINGS = 9;
const IDX_OPTIONS_FLAGS = 10;
 
function updateOptionsBuffer(options) {
  let flags = 0;
  if (typeof options.maxDeflateDynamicTableSize === 'number') {
    flags |= (1 << IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_DEFLATE_DYNAMIC_TABLE_SIZE);
    optionsBuffer[IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_DEFLATE_DYNAMIC_TABLE_SIZE] =
      options.maxDeflateDynamicTableSize;
  }
  if (typeof options.maxReservedRemoteStreams === 'number') {
    flags |= (1 << IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_RESERVED_REMOTE_STREAMS);
    optionsBuffer[IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_RESERVED_REMOTE_STREAMS] =
      options.maxReservedRemoteStreams;
  }
  if (typeof options.maxSendHeaderBlockLength === 'number') {
    flags |= (1 << IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_SEND_HEADER_BLOCK_LENGTH);
    optionsBuffer[IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_SEND_HEADER_BLOCK_LENGTH] =
      options.maxSendHeaderBlockLength;
  }
  if (typeof options.peerMaxConcurrentStreams === 'number') {
    flags |= (1 << IDX_OPTIONS_PEER_MAX_CONCURRENT_STREAMS);
    optionsBuffer[IDX_OPTIONS_PEER_MAX_CONCURRENT_STREAMS] =
      options.peerMaxConcurrentStreams;
  }
  if (typeof options.paddingStrategy === 'number') {
    flags |= (1 << IDX_OPTIONS_PADDING_STRATEGY);
    optionsBuffer[IDX_OPTIONS_PADDING_STRATEGY] =
      options.paddingStrategy;
  }
  if (typeof options.maxHeaderListPairs === 'number') {
    flags |= (1 << IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_HEADER_LIST_PAIRS);
    optionsBuffer[IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_HEADER_LIST_PAIRS] =
      options.maxHeaderListPairs;
  }
  if (typeof options.maxOutstandingPings === 'number') {
    flags |= (1 << IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_OUTSTANDING_PINGS);
    optionsBuffer[IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_OUTSTANDING_PINGS] =
      options.maxOutstandingPings;
  }
  if (typeof options.maxOutstandingSettings === 'number') {
    flags |= (1 << IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_OUTSTANDING_SETTINGS);
    optionsBuffer[IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_OUTSTANDING_SETTINGS] =
      MathMax(1, options.maxOutstandingSettings);
  }
  if (typeof options.maxSessionMemory === 'number') {
    flags |= (1 << IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_SESSION_MEMORY);
    optionsBuffer[IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_SESSION_MEMORY] =
      MathMax(1, options.maxSessionMemory);
  }
  if (typeof options.maxSettings === 'number') {
    flags |= (1 << IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_SETTINGS);
    optionsBuffer[IDX_OPTIONS_MAX_SETTINGS] =
      MathMax(1, options.maxSettings);
  }
  optionsBuffer[IDX_OPTIONS_FLAGS] = flags;
}
 
function getDefaultSettings() {
  settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_FLAGS] = 0;
  binding.refreshDefaultSettings();
  const holder = ObjectCreate(null);
 
  const flags = settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_FLAGS];
 
  if ((flags & (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_HEADER_TABLE_SIZE)) ===
      (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_HEADER_TABLE_SIZE)) {
    holder.headerTableSize =
      settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_HEADER_TABLE_SIZE];
  }
 
  if ((flags & (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_ENABLE_PUSH)) ===
      (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_ENABLE_PUSH)) {
    holder.enablePush =
      settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_ENABLE_PUSH] === 1;
  }
 
  if ((flags & (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_INITIAL_WINDOW_SIZE)) ===
      (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_INITIAL_WINDOW_SIZE)) {
    holder.initialWindowSize =
      settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_INITIAL_WINDOW_SIZE];
  }
 
  if ((flags & (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_FRAME_SIZE)) ===
      (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_FRAME_SIZE)) {
    holder.maxFrameSize =
      settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_FRAME_SIZE];
  }
 
  if ((flags & (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_CONCURRENT_STREAMS)) ===
      (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_CONCURRENT_STREAMS)) {
    holder.maxConcurrentStreams =
      settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_CONCURRENT_STREAMS];
  }
 
  if ((flags & (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_HEADER_LIST_SIZE)) ===
      (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_HEADER_LIST_SIZE)) {
    holder.maxHeaderListSize = holder.maxHeaderSize =
      settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_HEADER_LIST_SIZE];
  }
 
  if ((flags & (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_ENABLE_CONNECT_PROTOCOL)) ===
      (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_ENABLE_CONNECT_PROTOCOL)) {
    holder.enableConnectProtocol =
      settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_ENABLE_CONNECT_PROTOCOL] === 1;
  }
 
  return holder;
}
 
// Remote is a boolean. true to fetch remote settings, false to fetch local.
// this is only called internally
function getSettings(session, remote) {
  if (remote)
    session.remoteSettings();
  else
    session.localSettings();
 
  return {
    headerTableSize: settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_HEADER_TABLE_SIZE],
    enablePush: !!settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_ENABLE_PUSH],
    initialWindowSize: settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_INITIAL_WINDOW_SIZE],
    maxFrameSize: settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_FRAME_SIZE],
    maxConcurrentStreams: settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_CONCURRENT_STREAMS],
    maxHeaderListSize: settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_HEADER_LIST_SIZE],
    maxHeaderSize: settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_HEADER_LIST_SIZE],
    enableConnectProtocol:
      !!settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_ENABLE_CONNECT_PROTOCOL]
  };
}
 
function updateSettingsBuffer(settings) {
  let flags = 0;
  if (typeof settings.headerTableSize === 'number') {
    flags |= (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_HEADER_TABLE_SIZE);
    settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_HEADER_TABLE_SIZE] =
      settings.headerTableSize;
  }
  if (typeof settings.maxConcurrentStreams === 'number') {
    flags |= (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_CONCURRENT_STREAMS);
    settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_CONCURRENT_STREAMS] =
      settings.maxConcurrentStreams;
  }
  if (typeof settings.initialWindowSize === 'number') {
    flags |= (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_INITIAL_WINDOW_SIZE);
    settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_INITIAL_WINDOW_SIZE] =
      settings.initialWindowSize;
  }
  if (typeof settings.maxFrameSize === 'number') {
    flags |= (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_FRAME_SIZE);
    settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_FRAME_SIZE] =
      settings.maxFrameSize;
  }
  if (typeof settings.maxHeaderListSize === 'number' ||
      typeof settings.maxHeaderSize === 'number') {
    flags |= (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_HEADER_LIST_SIZE);
    if (settings.maxHeaderSize !== undefined &&
      (settings.maxHeaderSize !== settings.maxHeaderListSize)) {
      process.emitWarning(
        'settings.maxHeaderSize overwrite settings.maxHeaderListSize'
      );
      settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_HEADER_LIST_SIZE] =
        settings.maxHeaderSize;
    } else {
      settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_MAX_HEADER_LIST_SIZE] =
        settings.maxHeaderListSize;
    }
  }
  if (typeof settings.enablePush === 'boolean') {
    flags |= (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_ENABLE_PUSH);
    settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_ENABLE_PUSH] = Number(settings.enablePush);
  }
  if (typeof settings.enableConnectProtocol === 'boolean') {
    flags |= (1 << IDX_SETTINGS_ENABLE_CONNECT_PROTOCOL);
    settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_ENABLE_CONNECT_PROTOCOL] =
      Number(settings.enableConnectProtocol);
  }
 
  settingsBuffer[IDX_SETTINGS_FLAGS] = flags;
}
 
function getSessionState(session) {
  session.refreshState();
  return {
    effectiveLocalWindowSize:
      sessionState[IDX_SESSION_STATE_EFFECTIVE_LOCAL_WINDOW_SIZE],
    effectiveRecvDataLength:
      sessionState[IDX_SESSION_STATE_EFFECTIVE_RECV_DATA_LENGTH],
    nextStreamID:
      sessionState[IDX_SESSION_STATE_NEXT_STREAM_ID],
    localWindowSize:
      sessionState[IDX_SESSION_STATE_LOCAL_WINDOW_SIZE],
    lastProcStreamID:
      sessionState[IDX_SESSION_STATE_LAST_PROC_STREAM_ID],
    remoteWindowSize:
      sessionState[IDX_SESSION_STATE_REMOTE_WINDOW_SIZE],
    outboundQueueSize:
      sessionState[IDX_SESSION_STATE_OUTBOUND_QUEUE_SIZE],
    deflateDynamicTableSize:
      sessionState[IDX_SESSION_STATE_HD_DEFLATE_DYNAMIC_TABLE_SIZE],
    inflateDynamicTableSize:
      sessionState[IDX_SESSION_STATE_HD_INFLATE_DYNAMIC_TABLE_SIZE]
  };
}
 
function getStreamState(stream) {
  stream.refreshState();
  return {
    state: streamState[IDX_STREAM_STATE],
    weight: streamState[IDX_STREAM_STATE_WEIGHT],
    sumDependencyWeight: streamState[IDX_STREAM_STATE_SUM_DEPENDENCY_WEIGHT],
    localClose: streamState[IDX_STREAM_STATE_LOCAL_CLOSE],
    remoteClose: streamState[IDX_STREAM_STATE_REMOTE_CLOSE],
    localWindowSize: streamState[IDX_STREAM_STATE_LOCAL_WINDOW_SIZE]
  };
}
 
function isIllegalConnectionSpecificHeader(name, value) {
  switch (name) {
    case HTTP2_HEADER_CONNECTION:
    case HTTP2_HEADER_UPGRADE:
    case HTTP2_HEADER_HTTP2_SETTINGS:
    case HTTP2_HEADER_KEEP_ALIVE:
    case HTTP2_HEADER_PROXY_CONNECTION:
    case HTTP2_HEADER_TRANSFER_ENCODING:
      return true;
    case HTTP2_HEADER_TE:
      return value !== 'trailers';
    default:
      return false;
  }
}
 
const assertValidPseudoHeader = hideStackFrames((key) => {
  if (!kValidPseudoHeaders.has(key)) {
    throw new ERR_HTTP2_INVALID_PSEUDOHEADER(key);
  }
});
 
const assertValidPseudoHeaderResponse = hideStackFrames((key) => {
  if (key !== ':status') {
    throw new ERR_HTTP2_INVALID_PSEUDOHEADER(key);
  }
});
 
const assertValidPseudoHeaderTrailer = hideStackFrames((key) => {
  throw new ERR_HTTP2_INVALID_PSEUDOHEADER(key);
});
 
const emptyArray = [];
const kNeverIndexFlag = StringFromCharCode(NGHTTP2_NV_FLAG_NO_INDEX);
const kNoHeaderFlags = StringFromCharCode(NGHTTP2_NV_FLAG_NONE);
function mapToHeaders(map,
                      assertValuePseudoHeader = assertValidPseudoHeader) {
  let ret = '';
  let count = 0;
  const keys = ObjectKeys(map);
  const singles = new SafeSet();
  let i, j;
  let isArray;
  let key;
  let value;
  let isSingleValueHeader;
  let err;
  const neverIndex =
    ArrayPrototypeMap(map[kSensitiveHeaders] || emptyArray,
                      StringPrototypeToLowerCase);
  for (i = 0; i < keys.length; ++i) {
    key = keys[i];
    value = map[key];
    if (value === undefined || key === '')
      continue;
    key = StringPrototypeToLowerCase(key);
    isSingleValueHeader = kSingleValueHeaders.has(key);
    isArray = ArrayIsArray(value);
    if (isArray) {
      switch (value.length) {
        case 0:
          continue;
        case 1:
          value = String(value[0]);
          isArray = false;
          break;
        default:
          if (isSingleValueHeader)
            throw new ERR_HTTP2_HEADER_SINGLE_VALUE(key);
      }
    } else {
      value = String(value);
    }
    if (isSingleValueHeader) {
      if (singles.has(key))
        throw new ERR_HTTP2_HEADER_SINGLE_VALUE(key);
      singles.add(key);
    }
    const flags = ArrayPrototypeIncludes(neverIndex, key) ?
      kNeverIndexFlag :
      kNoHeaderFlags;
    if (key[0] === ':') {
      err = assertValuePseudoHeader(key);
      if (err !== undefined)
        throw err;
      ret = `${key}\0${value}\0${flags}${ret}`;
      count++;
      continue;
    }
    if (StringPrototypeIncludes(key, ' ')) {
      throw new ERR_INVALID_HTTP_TOKEN('Header name', key);
    }
    if (isIllegalConnectionSpecificHeader(key, value)) {
      throw new ERR_HTTP2_INVALID_CONNECTION_HEADERS(key);
    }
    if (isArray) {
      for (j = 0; j < value.length; ++j) {
        const val = String(value[j]);
        ret += `${key}\0${val}\0${flags}`;
      }
      count += value.length;
      continue;
    }
    ret += `${key}\0${value}\0${flags}`;
    count++;
  }
 
  return [ret, count];
}
 
class NghttpError extends Error {
  constructor(integerCode, customErrorCode) {
    super(customErrorCode ?
      getMessage(customErrorCode, [], null) :
      binding.nghttp2ErrorString(integerCode));
    this.code = customErrorCode || 'ERR_HTTP2_ERROR';
    this.errno = integerCode;
    addCodeToName(this, super.name, this.code);
  }
 
  toString() {
    return `${this.name} [${this.code}]: ${this.message}`;
  }
}
 
const assertIsObject = hideStackFrames((value, name, types) => {
  if (value !== undefined &&
      (value === null ||
       typeof value !== 'object' ||
       ArrayIsArray(value))) {
    throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_TYPE(name, types || 'Object', value);
  }
});
 
const assertWithinRange = hideStackFrames(
  (name, value, min = 0, max = Infinity) => {
    if (value !== undefined &&
      (typeof value !== 'number' || value < min || value > max)) {
      throw new ERR_HTTP2_INVALID_SETTING_VALUE.RangeError(
        name, value, min, max);
    }
  }
);
 
function toHeaderObject(headers, sensitiveHeaders) {
  const obj = ObjectCreate(null);
  for (var n = 0; n < headers.length; n += 2) {
    const name = headers[n];
    let value = headers[n + 1];
    if (name === HTTP2_HEADER_STATUS)
      value |= 0;
    const existing = obj[name];
    if (existing === undefined) {
      obj[name] = name === HTTP2_HEADER_SET_COOKIE ? [value] : value;
    } else if (!kSingleValueHeaders.has(name)) {
      switch (name) {
        case HTTP2_HEADER_COOKIE:
          // https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7540#section-8.1.2.5
          // "...If there are multiple Cookie header fields after decompression,
          //  these MUST be concatenated into a single octet string using the
          //  two-octet delimiter of 0x3B, 0x20 (the ASCII string "; ") before
          //  being passed into a non-HTTP/2 context."
          obj[name] = `${existing}; ${value}`;
          break;
        case HTTP2_HEADER_SET_COOKIE:
          // https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7230#section-3.2.2
          // "Note: In practice, the "Set-Cookie" header field ([RFC6265]) often
          // appears multiple times in a response message and does not use the
          // list syntax, violating the above requirements on multiple header
          // fields with the same name.  Since it cannot be combined into a
          // single field-value, recipients ought to handle "Set-Cookie" as a
          // special case while processing header fields."
          ArrayPrototypePush(existing, value);
          break;
        default:
          // https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7230#section-3.2.2
          // "A recipient MAY combine multiple header fields with the same field
          // name into one "field-name: field-value" pair, without changing the
          // semantics of the message, by appending each subsequent field value
          // to the combined field value in order, separated by a comma."
          obj[name] = `${existing}, ${value}`;
          break;
      }
    }
  }
  obj[kSensitiveHeaders] = sensitiveHeaders;
  return obj;
}
 
function isPayloadMeaningless(method) {
  return kNoPayloadMethods.has(method);
}
 
function sessionName(type) {
  switch (type) {
    case NGHTTP2_SESSION_CLIENT:
      return 'client';
    case NGHTTP2_SESSION_SERVER:
      return 'server';
    default:
      return '<invalid>';
  }
}
 
function getAuthority(headers) {
  // For non-CONNECT requests, HTTP/2 allows either :authority
  // or Host to be used equivalently. The first is preferred
  // when making HTTP/2 requests, and the latter is preferred
  // when converting from an HTTP/1 message.
  if (headers[HTTP2_HEADER_AUTHORITY] !== undefined)
    return headers[HTTP2_HEADER_AUTHORITY];
  if (headers[HTTP2_HEADER_HOST] !== undefined)
    return headers[HTTP2_HEADER_HOST];
}
 
module.exports = {
  assertIsObject,
  assertValidPseudoHeader,
  assertValidPseudoHeaderResponse,
  assertValidPseudoHeaderTrailer,
  assertWithinRange,
  getAuthority,
  getDefaultSettings,
  getSessionState,
  getSettings,
  getStreamState,
  isPayloadMeaningless,
  kSensitiveHeaders,
  kSocket,
  kProxySocket,
  kRequest,
  mapToHeaders,
  NghttpError,
  sessionName,
  toHeaderObject,
  updateOptionsBuffer,
  updateSettingsBuffer
};